Huey P. Newton was born on this day, Feb. 17, 1942, in Monroe, Louisiana, and grew up in Oakland, California. The political activist and revolutionary co-founded the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense in 1966.
Under Newton’s leadership, the Black Panther Party grew to become a national organization with chapters throughout the United States. The party’s goals included the defense of Black communities against police violence, the provision of social services, and the promotion of Black self-reliance and empowerment. He faced controversy within the Black Panther Party, with some members criticizing his leadership style and political philosophy.
Despite these challenges, Newton remained committed to his activism and advocacy for Black liberation. He continued to work with the Black Panther Party until its dissolution in the early 1980s.
Newton passed away on August 22, 1989, in Oakland, California. He was 47 years old.