On this day in 1954, the Supreme Court ruled in a unanimous decision
that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional.
The case dealt with the case of Linda Brown, a young Black student who
had been denied admission to her neighborhood elementary school in
Topeka, Kansas, because of her race.
The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, which
allowed state-sponsored segregation related to public education under
the concept of “separate but equal.”
The court’s opinion, which was written by Chief Justice Earl Warren,
stated that the prevailing “separate but equal” doctrine was
unconstitutional because segregation created an inherent stamp of
inferiority upon African-Americans. The decision was considered
significant in the nation’s civil rights history.
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